上次的文章《你说的这个避震全地形公路车,它香吗?》引发了许多网友的讨论,有的网友说“好好地骑山地不好吗?”,爷乖乖骑爷的车,你器材厂商休想骗我一分钱。

又有网友说:“怎么大家嫌‘山马’业余,这‘公野’就真香了呢?”难道说换了个几何,就山鸡变凤凰了吗?

那么我们今天就一起看看,这Gravel到底是什么车,是缩水山地,还是正儿八经的公路车。

▲“去掉弯把你跟我说这是公路车?”

上回书说到,这山地车的发明者不是为了创造一款局限于铺装路面,让你跟得上去看玛莲娜的小伙伴的快速通行工具,而是一个行驶于非铺装路面,有更多玩乐属性的“大玩具”。

受制于当时的技术,这山地车始祖也不是像我们现在看到的前后避震一应俱全的样子。所以倘若要以部件分类,如果避震Gravel算山地车那GaryFisher的Klunker是否算公路车呢?

▲没有避震,超大牙盘,或许加上一组弯把也能上演一把安能辨我是公路的把戏

说起Gravel,就不得不先介绍一下公路车前辈CX。作为一种“圈养运动”,不论是土路还是人为设置的木板泥潭,车手除了像山地车一样需要骑车越障,推车扛车也是必不可少的实战技能。

许多量产车大厂在应对Gravel风口之时更多选择了使用自家较为成熟的古典赛及CX车型的技术,同时也保留了很大一部分公路车的血统:轻量化,700c的轮径,刹变一体式变速。

以套件为例,虽然为了适应野地,选择了更小的牙盘甚至单速牙盘以及更有力的后拨设计,但是操作逻辑依然符合公路车的操作逻辑。

▲进化树

还有一个很有趣的观点,倘若我们以达尔文的进化论观点来看待自行车发展,传统公路车与初代山地车的分化出现得益于摩托车的刺激,自此之后山地车与公路车各自细化,产生了各种应对不同垂直领域的车型。

而Gravel的出现则更多的得益于古典赛车型及CX的发展,这样看来,Gravel与山地车更像叔侄而并非父子。

▲电磁避震时代会到来吗?

也许随着近些年来诸如梅花E64等电动车型的发展,电磁避震,电磁刹车等更先进的技术会“染指”自行车界,是否会出现更加激进的跨界车型?让我们拭目以待吧。

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如果你有什么关于Gravel或者新技术的畅想,也欢迎在评论区与大家讨论。

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